Most Palestinian Jerusalemites have a legal status that is unique in the world: Although they are indigenous, they are stateless. This situation creates a precarity that infuses every aspect of life and leaves the community perpetually afraid that their fragile residency status will be summarily revoked. Here we explore this untenable reality.
To gain entry into the US Visa Waiver program, Israel has been pushed to agree to ensure equal treatment for US citizens entering, exiting, or transiting the country. But will it?
In late 2022, Israel established new entry rules for foreigners visiting Palestinians in the West Bank. Who would be allowed in?
Even for someone with a European passport and an Israeli lawyer, marrying a Palestinian Jerusalemite meant an arbitrary and protracted bureaucratic struggle for residency.
Palestinians in Jerusalem (registered with legal status within the Israeli unilaterally declared municipal boundaries (2020)) 
Approximate number of Palestinian Jerusalemites who hold Israeli citizenship 
Estimated number of Palestinian Jerusalemites who have Israeli permanent-resident status, an inferior, conditional, and geographically restricted status that is revocable if residents cannot continuously prove that Jerusalem is their “center of life” at any point the authorities demand such proof 
Number of Palestinian Jerusalemites whose residency status was revoked by Israel from 1967 to 2020 
Average number of Palestinians living in a single household in Jerusalem in 2018 
Very rough estimate of the number of persons affected by the residency revocations over time; since the revocation of an individual’s residency also extends to his or her dependents.  Others have estimated this number to be significantly higher (86,000 in 2015, at which point the number of revocations was 14,565). 
1. Omer Yaniv, Netta Haddad, and Yair Assaf-Shapira, Jerusalem Facts and Trends 2022 (Jerusalem: Jerusalem Institute for Policy Research, 2022), 20. Reflects the number of Palestinians entered in the Israeli Population Registry (including both citizens and permanent residents). Unregistered persons and persons with Palestinian Authority (PA) IDs living in Jerusalem may number in the thousands or tens of thousands, but are not counted in this source.
2. The story behind this number is too complex for a note. See other Backgrounders in this topic.
3. Estimate reached by subtracting the total of item no. 2 from item no. 1.
4. See Precarious Status.
5. Calculation made by multiplying the known number of individual revocations over the years by the average household size for Palestinians in Jerusalem in 2018. Michal Korach and Maya Chosen, eds., Jerusalem Facts and Trends 2020 at a Glimpse (Jerusalem: Jerusalem Institute for Policy Research, 2020). Clearly this is only a rough estimate given that the average household size would have changed over the years since 1967. The key takeaway here is that the revocation of a single individual’s residency also affects the status of all of his dependent children (see Precarious Status).
6. Tamara Tawfiq Tamimi, “Revocation of Residency of Palestinians in Jerusalem: Prospects for Accountability,” Jerusalem Quarterly 72 (2017): 37–47.
There are 5.9 million registered Palestinian refugees with the UNRWA, and they continue to have a unique status under international law.