Terminology in the Jerusalem context can be complex and also controversial. Words and their meanings shape narratives. Our Lexicon goes beyond standard definitions and also offers, where applicable, nuanced shades of meanings that matter to Palestinian Jerusalemites.

Jaffa Gate

The English name for one of the seven open gates in the wall of the Old City of Jerusalem. See also Bab al-Khalil

See The Gates of the Old City for more detailed information.

Jerusalem Envelope

In Israeli discourse, this term refers to the 202 km segment of the Separation Wall, built variously as concrete wall and chain-link fence, that envelops Jerusalem, encapsulating the whole Israeli-envisioned “Greater Jerusalem” region from the south of Ramallah to the west of Jericho and down southwards into Bethlehem, embracing all of the major settlement blocs in the Jerusalem region and linking them to the city of the Jerusalem, while dissecting Palestinian spaces and fragmenting and entrapping Jerusalemite communities within different enclaves.

Jerusalem governorate (Muhafazat al-Quds)

The district of Jerusalem as defined by the Palestinian Authority (PA) in 1995. It was established alongside 15 other governorates, when the PA took on its administration as per the Oslo Accords. The governorate (or district; in Arabic, Muhafazat al-Quds) includes a wide area between Ramallah in the north and Bethlehem in the south, extending eastward as far as the Dead Sea. The governorate and its agencies are subordinate to the Ministry of Local Government and headed by a governor, who is appointed directly by the PA president. While the governorate includes the area controlled by the Israeli Jerusalem municipality, it has no jurisdiction over that area. For this reason, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics divides the governorate into two subdistricts: J1 (which coincides with Israeli municipal Jerusalem) and J2 (which is the remainder of the Jerusalem governorate that falls within the West Bank and is under PA authority). However, J2 is also mostly under Israeli control as 89 percent of the district is Area C, while 10.6 percent of it is Area B, and less than 1 percent is Area A.

See Where Is Jerusalem?, J1, and J2.