An agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) that initiated the Oslo Accords based on the land for peace formula. Secret negotiations begun in Oslo, Norway, between the PLO and Israel led to the signing of recognition letters between the two parties. It was the first time that a direct agreement was reached, and it was signed in Washington, DC, in September 1993 in the presence of US President Bill Clinton, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The agreement was called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (or DOP). Article 1 states the aim of the agreement as “to establish a Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority, the elected Council (the ‘Council’), for the Palestinian people in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, for a transitional period not exceeding five years, leading to a permanent settlement based on Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.” Its executing agreement was the Gaza-Jericho Agreement signed in 1994.