Settlement, suburban

Built in the Jerusalem environs and connected to its city center with bypass roads, these settlements offer affordable housing for Israelis or Jewish settlers from abroad who want to be close to Jerusalem. They have their own commercial centers, parks, touristic and industrial enterprises, and networks of military checkpoints. Their geographical jurisdictions are separate from Jerusalem and include municipalities and local and regional councils falling under the military administration of “Judea and Samaria”—how Israel refers to the West Bank. They include the Matei Binyamin regional council, the Gush Etzion regional council, the Ma’ale Adumim municipality and local council, and the Givat Ze’ev jurisdiction.